German composer and pianist. Born in Bonn where he held various positions from 1783-1792. In 1787 he studied with Mozart briefly
in Vienna. By the time he moved to Vienna in 1792, Mozart had died so he worked with Haydn and Albrechtsberger (1736-1809).
He first became known as a pianist and then as a composer. Made his public debut as a pianist in 1795 with his Concerto in
C major. Apart from occasional visits to the countryside Beethoven spent the rest of his life in Vienna. During thirty years
he produced a vast repertoire of music. He composed thirty-two sonatas, five concertos and many chamber works for piano. In
addition he wrote seventeen string quartets, nine symphonies, and the opera Fidelio. In 1798 he discovered that he was going
deaf, and by c1819 his hearing was completely gone. However he continued to compose and Missa Solemnis, the Ninth or Choral
Symphony and the last five of his string quartets were written after this time. Beethoven received the honorary freedom of
Vienna in 1815. When he died in 1827 his funeral was a national occasion.
b Norfolk (later in life changed his surname to Taylor) raised in Sligo, at the family home at Lisheen; educated at Haileybury.
He enlisted in the Officer's Training Corps attached to Queen's University, but the Armistice was signed before he saw action.
Phibbs first began publishing poetry in the early 1920s, and by 1928 had two books published with the Hogarth Press (which
were, to a large extent, underwritten by Phibbs). In 1924 he married the painter Norah McGuinness, but the marriage broke
up when he entered into a ménage ô quatre in 1929 with Robert Graves, Laura Riding, and Graves's wife, Nancy Nicholson (with
whom Phibbs later lived when the ménage broke up). Phibbs first met M c 1922 while working as a Carnegie Librarian, and the
two had a lively correspondence until Phibbs's abandonment of McGuinness. He died in Dublin.
Born Bertha Georgie Hyde-Lees in Wrexham. Married WB Yeats in October 1917. In 1919 their first child Anne was born, and in
1921, their son Michael. By the early 1920s George Yeats was active in Cuala Industries and The Dublin Drama League. MacGreevy
probably met George Yeats in 1919, and they remained friends until MacGreevy's death in 1967.
b Co Cork; also known as Tinche. In 1897, after seeing an Abbey production at the Cork Opera House, Robinson began to write
plays. His first play, 'The Clancy Name, a Tragedy in One Act,' was performed on 8 October 1908 at the Abbey in Dublin. In
1909 Robinson was appointed producer of plays and manager of the Abbey by WB Yeats and Lady Gregory.In 1915 Robinson was hired
by the Carnegie United Kingdom Trust to act as part-time Organising Librarian for Newcastle West and Rathkeale (See CUKT).
In 1919 Robinson met MacGreevy, and in 1920 when he was hired as Secretary to the newly-established Irish Advisory Committee
of the CUKT, he recommended MacGreevy to the Committee as Assistant Secretary. MacGreevy remained Assistant Secretary until
1925, when the Irish Advisory Committee was dissolved due to pressure from the Church. On 8 September 1930, Robinson married
Dolly Travers Smith, a union which seemed to have surprised everyone who knew them well. MacGreevy took the announcement of
the engagement particularly badly, yet, resumed his friendship with Dolly and Lennox, albeit not at the level previously enjoyed.
Even before Robinson's marriage to Dolly Travers Smith, MacGreevy and Robinson's relationship seemed to alternate between
love and hate. Nevertheless, MacGreevy and Robinson remained in correspondence until Robinson's death..
critic, museum director, writer
Poet, literary and art critic, and administrator. Born in Tarbert, Co. Kerry, into a family of farmers and schoolteachers;
educated at Trinity College, Dublin, where he studied politics and history.He is best known for his strikingly original modernist
poetry and for being one of the art critics who championed Irish modernist art and artists between the wars.
He was a prolific writer, publishing more than 350 articles, seven monographs, and a collection of poetry, Poems (1934). He
was director of the National Gallery of Ireland, 1950-1963.
Source: The Encyclopedia of Ireland